Ernest Belfort Bax (1854-1925) was born at Leamington, was a barrister and was an important propagandist and historian. He is important as the source through which many of the Marxist and materialist ideas of history were disseminated through the English speaking world.. Marx noted his efforts with approval in a letter to Sorge. He took part in the foundation of the Social Democratic Federation and collaborated in its organ, Justice, and in the monthly, To-Day, which he first tried to run independently but, owing to lack of funds, had to make over to Hyndman in 1884. He broke with Hyndman at the end of 1884 and together with Morris and Eleanor Marx-Aveling etc, helped to form the Socialist League, which, however, later fell under anarchist influence. After the death of Morris his increasingly eccentric views about feminism came to the fore and finally, during the First World War he went over to chauvinist positions seeing the main threat to his rather romanticised Republican France in the anti-democratic and aristocratic Junkers of Germany. He resumed his relations with Hyndman and his biography by Robert. Arch (EB Bax, Thinker and Pioneer, Hyndman Literary Committee, (1927)) [24 pages] was written by a member of Hyndman's surviving but tiny rump organisation.

Marx to Sorge London, 15 December, 1881

Lastly there was published on the first December last (I shall send you a copy of it) in the monthly review, Modern Thought, an article: "Leaders of Modern Thought"; No. XXIII - Karl Marx. By Ernest Belfort Bax.

Now this is the first English publication of the kind which is pervaded by a real enthusiasm for the new ideas themselves and boldly stands up against Brit. Philistinism. That does not prevent that the biographical notices the author gives of me are mostly wrong, etc. In the exposition of my economic principles and in his translations (i.e., quotations of the Capital) much is wrong and confused, but with all that the appearance of this article, announced in large letters by placards on the walls of Westend London, has produced a great sensation. What was most important for me, I received the said number of Modern Thought already on the 30th of November, so that my dear wife had the last days of her life still cheered up. You know the passionate interest she took in all such affairs.

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